What is a real estate Short Sale?
A real estate short sale can be a great opportunity for a home buyer to maximize the bang for their buck. But much like foreclosures, they can have hidden problems that can erase or even cost more than the potential savings.
A Short Sale Defined
A short sale occurs when a homeowner has fallen so far behind on payments that there are liens on the property — most commonly from lenders or tax agencies. The homeowner can’t afford to pay those liens in full, and works out a deal with the lien holders that allows for the sale of the home, with the proceeds settling all the debts.
Example of a Short Sale
Example: Homeowner buys a home for $650,000.
Two years later, the home is worth only $510,000 but the owner needs to sell it because she has lost her job. It's not her fault the economy has tanked. What can she do?
Answer: The homeowner can do a Short-Sale. How? She simply contacts her bank and the bank will send over a "short sale" package. In other words, the homeowner must QUALIFY for the short sale. There MUST be a financial hardship. She will need to send over her financials such as bank statements, credit report and paystubs. She must list her home with a real estate agent too.
How a Real Estate Short Sale Actually Works
Let's suppose our homeowner lists for $510,000 and gets an offer for that amount. Will the bank forgive $140,000 of unpaid debt? Yes! If she qualifies!
($650,000 - $510,000 = $140,000.)
The result: The homeowner walks away without a credit-killing foreclosure, the creditors get paid, and a buyer gets a sweet deal. Right?
Well, not all the time.
Short Sale Problems
Short sales sometimes can take a LOOOONG time to get approved. As a result, maintenance of the home can suffer. The seller doesn't have the money to fix the leaky pipes or faulty heater. Sometimes the original homeowner has been struggling for so long that the buyer later discovers unforeseen maintenance, financial and legal problems. That can be frightening!
Short Sale Benefits
That’s not to say that there aren’t some great deals to be had with short sales — especially for a first-time buyer who may be looking for a chance to get into a starter home at below-market costs — but it’s important for buyers to know about this. And, for sellers having a short-sale on your credit report is BETTER than a foreclosure.
Short Sale Risks for Buyers
Here’s how to handle five common risks when you’re buying a short-sale property.
Click here for more helpful information, also please check out Real Estate Sales from Hell by Bob Boog
- Unpaid liens. These can range from contractor liens to a surprise second mortgage, potentially adding tens of thousands of dollars to the cost of the home.The solution:Do a preliminary title search on the home to determine the extent of any unpaid liens. Your real estate agent likely knows a title company that will do this for free.If you do decide to move forward with your purchase, buy an owner’s title insurance policy instead of a lender’s title insurance policy. The owner’s version will protect you against any undisclosed title defects, while the lender’s version protects only the bank.2. The deal goes sour. In some cases the sellers are so far behind on their payments that lenders have to approve the sale even after the seller has accepted a buyer’s offer. If the accepted offer is below what the lender requires to release the lien, the lender will ask the buyer to make up the difference at closing.The solution: Make sure your real estate agent has done due diligence in finding out the full extent of the seller’s financial troubles. Specifically, you want to know whether this deal requires lender approval. If it does, understand that you’ll run the risk of having to put down more cash to get the keys.
- Deferred maintenance. Rules on disclosures vary from state to state, but in most cases, the seller will fill out a disclosure form listing everything he or she knows about the property. Unfortunately, this may not give you an accurate account of the home’s condition. Cash-strapped sellers have often deferred maintenance and repairs on the home, which could cause problems to be much bigger than they realize. The result: The buyer faces a mountain of maintenance tasks and repairs.The solution:Tag along on the home inspection. Come armed with a list of questions for the inspector about anything you’ve already noticed and speak up about anything that worries you.When the inspector notes a problem, ask how much he or she thinks it will cost to fix it, and double check that estimate when you get home. If the initial inspection discloses damage from termites or mold, it may also be a good idea to call in a specialized inspector to determine the full extent of the damage and what it will cost to repair it.4. Incomplete information about the property. Because disclosures on bank-owned properties are different, some buyers purchase a short-sale home only to find out later that it is on a flood plain or that the empty lot next door is about to become a minimall.The solution: Do your due diligence. Check FloodSmart.govto make sure the home isn’t on a flood plain, and consult the local planning department to make sure the area isn’t zoned for development and that neighbors aren’t permitted to build right up to your property line.
- Closing drags on. Short sales can take much longer to close as banks work to approve the deal, and legal problems due to unresolved liens create unforeseen delays.The solution:Plan ahead. Understand that it may take six months or more to close. Have a backup plan in place so you have an affordable place where you can stay in case you need to move out of your previous residence before the new home is ready.